The physiochemical properties of kefir using honey concentrations


Kefir, Honey concentration, Viscosity, Organoleptic.


How to Cite

Padauleng Meliani Anwar, A., Maruddin, F., Nur Yuliati, F., Tashi Wangdi, J., & Ihsan Andi Dagong, M. (2021). The physiochemical properties of kefir using honey concentrations. Canrea Journal: Food Technology, Nutritions, and Culinary Journal, 4(1), 8–16.


Kefir has a sour taste and distinctive aroma. This condition affects the level of consumer acceptance. The level of consumer acceptance of kefir can be improved by adding a sweetener, namely honey. This study aims to determine the characteristics of kefir made from commercial liquid milk to total lactic acid, pH value, viscosity, organoleptic (taste and preference) panelists to kefir with the addition of honey. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatment of this research was 4 honey concentrations  (5%, 7%, 9% and without the addition of honey (0%) as a control) and was repeated 3 times. Kefir addition of honey is made in the following way: the liquid milk is sterilized at 105oC for 5 minutes and then the sterile milk is cooled down to a temperature of about 40oC. After chilling, sterile milk was inoculated with 3% (v/v) pre-propagated kefir starter and incubated at 37oC for 24 hours. Furthermore, kefir was added with honey treatment with a concentration of 5%, 7% and 9% (v/v) respectively and homogenized. Kefir honey is carried out in a series of tests including total lactic acid, acidity (pH), viscosity, organoleptic (taste and preference). The results showed that the different use of honey kefir did not change the lactic acid content. Increasing use of honey concentration causes pH value, viscosity, sweetness, and preference to increase. The best use of honey concentration in making kefir is 9%.